The world health organization

Subject: Tetanus
Name:Alouboe Logossou
Professor:Smitha Suryanarayanan
Tetanus is an infectious disease that results from the spores of the bacterium Clostridium
tetani. Spores of the bacterium Clostridium tetani are available everywhere in the surrounding,
including the soil, feces of humans and animals, ash, and rusty objects (Mayo Clinic, 2022).
Tetanus infection is an adverse health issue for pregnant women and newborn babies, especially
those without immunization with tetanus vaccines. Tetanus infection remains a considerable
public health concern globally, especially in developing countries with unclean birth procedures
and low immunization coverage. Neonatal tetanus takes place when nonsterile tools are utilized
to cut the umbilical cord. The ensuing discussion describes the causes, treatment, and prevention
of tetanus disease.
Tetanus disease is a life-threatening illness that has no cure. Therefore, the treatment of
tetanus involves the management of complications and symptoms to resolve the tetanus toxin.
The signs and symptoms of tetanus include stiff and spasmed muscles in the jaw, difficulty
swallowing, painful rigidity in the neck muscles, and tension in the abdominal muscles. The
signs and symptoms of tetanus infection change as the disease advances in the body. Some signs
and symptoms include fever, hypertension, low blood pressure, severe sweating, and rapid heart
The bacterium that causes tetanus (Clostridium tetani) remains dormant in the soil and
animal feces until it finds a host. When a dormant bacterium enters a wound, the cells become
active due to the conducive environment for growth. As the bacterium cells divide and grow,
they release toxins known as tetanospasmin, which impairs the nerves in the body responsible for
controlling muscles.
Various risk factors increase the infection of tetanus diseases, such as wounds exposed to
manure or soil. Other risk factors include a foreign object in a wound, such as a nail, infected
skin patches for people who are diabetic, a medical history of people with immune-suppressing
conditions, and unsanitary sharing of needles for illegal drugs. Upon detecting signs and
symptoms of tetanus disease, the doctor conducts a laboratory examination on a patient. A doctor
diagnoses tetanus disease based on signs and symptoms, such as muscle pain, rigidity, and
Other methods that can diagnose tetanus disease include a physical examination.
Vaccination and medication history. Nonetheless, a laboratory test is recommended if the doctor
suspects the causes are resulting from another condition. Since there is no cure for tetanus, a
tetanus infection requires long-term and emergency supportive care. Treatment for tetanus
consists of medications and wound care to ease symptoms. Supportive care for tetanus diseases
is done in the intensive care unit.
Wound care involves cleaning the cut by removing debris, dirt, or foreign materials that
may provide a conducive environment for the bacteria to grow and divide. In conjunction with
this, health providers should remove dead tissues that might provide a conducive environment
for the bacteria to grow. Various medications are used in the treatment of tetanus disease. Some
medications used in the treatment of tetanus include antitoxins, sedatives, antibiotics, and
vaccinations. Antitoxin therapy is a group of medications utilized to target toxins that have not
attacked tissues in the central nervous system.
Tetanus treatment using antitoxin is known as passive immunization, a human antibody
to the toxin. Sedatives are medications used to slow down the functioning of the nervous system,
which assists in preventing muscle spasms. Vaccinations against tetanus play a significant role in
boosting the immune system’s fight against toxins. Antibiotics help in fighting the tetanus
bacterium, and they are administered either through an injection or orally. Other medications can
be used to regulate involuntary muscle activity, including breathing and heartbeat. Morphine is
among the most commonly used drug for sedation.
Supportive therapy used in the treatment of tetanus diseases includes making the airways
clear through the provision of breathing assistance. Some patients are assisted by putting a
feeding tube in the stomach to provide nutrients. During the treatment of tetanus disease, a
patient should be provided with a conducive environment free from excessive light, noise, and
triggers of spasms. Besides medication therapy, home remedies and lifestyle change can be used
to treat tetanus disease. Proper wound care is essential in case of any cut.
Therefore, patients should seek medical attention after experiencing a deep cut, puncture
wound, bite by an animal, or a cut contaminated with feces, dirt, rust, soil, and saliva. If a person
is unsure of the last time he had the tetanus vaccine, they should seek medical attention for a
vaccination booster. People with minor wounds can prevent tetanus infection through controlled
bleeding. Control bleeding involves exerting pressure on the injured part to prevent bleeding.
Cleaning the wound involves rinsing the wound with running water or saline solution after the
bleeding has stopped.
Antibiotics can be used to discourage the growth of bacterial infection by applying a thin
layer of antibiotic ointment or cream on the wound. A minor wound should be covered using a
bandage to prevent the wound from harmful bacteria and keep the wound clean. In conjunction
with this, wounds should be cleaned thoroughly before covering them with a bandage. The
material used to address the wound should be changed after rinsing and applying antibiotic
ointment. If an antibiotic lead to adverse reactions, such as rash, it should be changed to
adhesive-free dressings.
Wound care and vaccination are among the effective ways to prevent tetanus infection.
However, if a patient is severely hurt and does not have protection from a tetanus vaccine, a
doctor should prescribe medication. In contemporary society, vaccination is an effective way to
prevent tetanus infection. Nonetheless, protection using a vaccine does not last for a lifetime.
Therefore, if a person has had a tetanus vaccine before, she needs to get regular vaccination to
keep the immunity against the disease high.
The center for diseases control and infection recommends booster shots throughout life
and a tetanus vaccine for people of all ages (CDC, 2019). Immediate and proper wound care after
an injury is effective in preventing an infection. Patients should not delay first aid on minor
injuries, . Some of the non-infected wounds include scrapes,
blisters, and cracks in the skin. People should practice proper wash of hands by using alcoholbased hand rub, water, and soap. Patients should consult health providers for further advice in
case of complications. The world health organization recommends six doses of tetanus-toxoidcontaining vaccines.
The first vaccination should begin at the age of 6 weeks of age, with a minimum interval
of 4 weeks between doses (, 2018). Routine immunization of tetanus
is administered worldwide during antenatal care contacts. Neonatal tetanus can be prevented by
immunization of women of reproductive age with . Additional
practices that can prevent tetanus infection include cord care and clean delivery during
childbirth. Proper wound care procedures should be observed during dental and surgical
CDC. (2019). Tetanus: Prevention.
Mayo Clinic. (2022). Tetanus.
World Health Organization. (2018). Tetanus. https://www.who.detail/tetanus

Call us 24/7:
Calculate your essay price
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

23 k happy customers
9.7 out of 10 satisfaction rate
833 writers active

Real Reviews from our Customers

Academic Writing Service of a Professional Level

Any academic writer who wishes to join our team of professional writers must possess all the following qualities:


To write an exemplary academic paper, you must have good critical thinking skills, possess the proper knowledge of the discipline, and be knowledgeable about applying an academic writing style.

As such we have a rigorous recruitment process. We only collaborate with professional academic writers. We believe in offering the highest quality academic writing services. Our writers pass various grammar and academic writing tests. They have to provide documents about their personal information and credentials to prove their level of expertise.

As a result, our clients receive papers that are thoroughly-researched, properly cited, and written within academic standards. We are proud that any academic writer from our writer's team can complete the paper at a high standard.

We work with the student’s budget because we know that students are usually on a budget majority of the time. We do not compromise on quality because of low prices. On the contrary, we love to foster a good relationship with our clients. That is why we charge our clients reasonable prices, and we are willing to negotiate and work with their budget.

It may be quite disturbing to decide whether to hire an academic writing company. We care about our client’s privacy and confidentiality. We never disclose your information to third parties. We never publish your paper online. You can use our academic writing service without any fear or anxiety.

Many students struggle with writing academic papers. Some barely have time to do their assignments because of their job and family responsibilities. Others have difficulty applying critical thinking skills or meeting time or assignment requirements. Whatever the reason is, you can always have time to do the things you love and other important things. All you need is a reliable and quality academic writing service. Unfortunately, even if you strongly desire to write the paper yourself, you sometimes face unexpected challenges. As we all know, life is unpredictable! Your teacher may be unconcerned about helping students and may not answer your questions. The good news is that there is a way out! You can hire an online academic writer to help you with your assignments. All you need to do is stipulate your paper requirements in the order form, and you can spend your time as you like.

Our Mission

Our company commits towards delivering high-quality custom papers to our clients. We seek to offer reliable essay writing services to our customers in various subject areas. Our customers are very valuable to us. As such, we commit to ensuring that they derive the utmost satisfaction from the essays we deliver. We have a mission to promote our clients' educational and professional lives by providing high-quality essays for their use. We also have a mission to offer a convenient essay writing system where our customers can easily order and pay for the services. We value quality and professionalism in our company.

Get professional help from our brilliant, skilled, and experienced essay writers

We write papers on any subject area, and we also write various types of papers for various purposes. We have a team of able writers who are eager to help our customers with writing services of exceptional quality. We offer custom writing services for customers across the globe and charge affordable prices for our services. We are the best essay writing company offering personalized services to all our customers. We ensure our customers receive maximum satisfaction from the essays we deliver. Our website is the place to be if you are seeking high-quality essays.

By using our academic writing service, we match your paper subject with a writer with a degree in the subject. The writer is able to apply their skills, knowledge, and expertise to the paper. You receive an original, unique, well-research paper, properly cited and formatted. As such, you are assured of a high-quality paper.

Academic Writing Help From Professionals

Truth be told, writing assignments can be stressful and difficult for any student. There is no shame in getting academic writing help. When you search the term “get academic writing help” there are numerous sites that pop up on the results and our website is among them. So, why is it a great idea to choose us?

During your course, your instructor will assign various types of homework. Our academic writers can prepare essays, presentations, speeches, case studies, research papers, dissertations, thesis papers, and more. Our writer’s department is capable of tackling any assignment of any complexity easily. All you need is to give us detailed instructions to help our experts understand the task.After doing so, you can rest assured that everything is in control, and we will deliver a paper of unmatchable quality.

Expert Assignment Help for College/University Students

Are you a college or university student pursuing your Bachelor’s , Masters, PhD, or Doctorate degree? Sometimes juggling schoolwork with work, family and hobbies can seem like a daunting task. You have to sacrifice one or the other. The sole purpose of our website is to alleviate your academic burdens. We ensure that you do not fail in your classes and you get good grades consistently. We understand that there is a need for academic help.

We acknowledge that our clients are not dumb or lazy but only need academic life need help in order to live a balanced life and make ends meet. We make it our core priority to ensure that all assignments are done and submitted before the stipulated deadlines. All our writers are graduates. They are competent in handling the clients’ assignments. We step in to help you with any and all of your assignments. Our assignment help service ensures that you never miss a grade or deadline.

Proceed to order page

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.

Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.

Affordable prices


$10 page


$13 page


$14 page

Our prices depend on the urgency of your assignment, your academic level, the course subject, and the length of the assignment. Basically, more complex assignments will cost more than simpler ones. The level of expertise is also a major determinant of the price of your assignment.

Calculate price

Cheap essay writing service

If you need professional help with completing any kind of homework, is the right place to get it. Whether you are looking for essay, coursework, research, or term paper help, or with any other assignments, it is no problem for us. At our cheap essay writing service, you can be sure to get credible academic aid for a reasonable price, as the name of our website suggests. For years, we have been providing online custom writing assistance to students from countries all over the world, including the US, the UK, Australia, Canada, Italy, New Zealand, China, and Japan.

Our cheap essay writing service has already gained a positive reputation in this business field. Understandably so, since all custom papers produced by our academic writers are individually crafted from scratch and written according to all your instructions and requirements. We offer APA, MLA, or a Chicago style paper in almost 70 disciplines. Here, you can get quality custom essays, as well as a dissertation, a research paper, or term papers for sale. Any paper will be written on time for a cheap price.

Using our cheap essay writing help is beneficial not only because of its easy access and low cost, but because of how helpful it can be to your studies. Buy custom written papers online from our academic company and we won't disappoint you with our high quality of university, college, and high school papers. Although our writing service is one of the cheapest you can find, we have been in the business long enough to learn how to maintain a balance between quality, wages, and profit. Whenever you need help with your assignment, we will be happy to assist you.

Proceed to order page

Cheap paper writing service provides high-quality essays for affordable prices

It might seem impossible to you that all custom-written essays, research papers, speeches, book reviews, and other custom task completed by our writers are both of high quality and cheap. It is surprising, but we do have some tricks to lower prices without hindering quality.

To start using our services, it’s enough to place a request like “I need a writer to do my assignment” or “Please, write an essay for me.” We have a convenient order form, which you can complete within minutes and pay for the order via a secure payment system. The support team will view it after the order form and payment is complete and then they will find an academic writer who matches your order description perfectly. Once you submit your instructions, while your order is in progress and even after its completion, our support team will monitor it to provide you with timely assistance.

Affordable essay writing service: get custom papers created by academic experts

Hiring good writers is one of the key points in providing high-quality services. That’s why we have entry tests for all applicants who want to work for us. We try to make sure all writers working for us are professionals, so when you purchase custom-written papers, they are of high quality and non-plagiarized.

Our cheap essay writing service employs only writers who have outstanding writing skills. The quality of all custom papers written by our team is important to us; that is why we are so attentive to the application process and employ only those writers who can produce great essays and other kinds of written assignments. All our writers are graduates. They are competent in handling the clients’ assignments. We step in to help you with any and all of your assignments. Our assignment help service ensures that you never miss a grade or deadline.

Plagiarism-free affordable papers

All our cheap essays are customized to meet your requirements and written from scratch. Our writers have a lot of experience with academic papers and know how to write them without plagiarism. Moreover, at our academic service, we have our own plagiarism-detection software which is designed to find similarities between completed papers and online sources. You can be sure that our custom-written papers are original and properly cited.

Our essay writing service has a 0% plagiarism tolerance. We are well aware of the dangers of plagiarism. Plagiarism is academic suicide. Our essay writing service ensures that all papers are original. We do not sell pre-written papers. All papers are written from scratch as per the instructions. We pass our papers through powerful anti-plagiarism software such as SafeAssign and TurnItIn.

Money-back guarantee

Our cheap essay writing service tries to always be at its best performance level, so each customer who pays money for paper writing can be sure that he or she will get what is wanted. On the off chance that you don’t like your order, you can request a refund and we will return the money according to our money-back guarantee.

There can be a number of reasons why you might not like your order. If we honestly don’t meet your expectations, we will issue a refund. You can also request a free revision, if there are only slight inconsistencies in your order. Your writer will make the necessary amendments free of charge. You can find out more information by visiting our revision policy and money-back guarantee pages, or by contacting our support team via online chat or phone.

On-time Delivery

We know how important any deadline is to you; that’s why everyone in our company has their tasks and perform them promptly to provide you with the required assistance on time. We even have an urgent delivery option for short essays, term papers, or research papers needed within 8 to 24 hours.

We appreciate that you have chosen our cheap essay service, and will provide you with high-quality and low-cost custom essays, research papers, term papers, speeches, book reports, and other academic assignments for sale. We beat all deadlines. We can also handle urgent orders with deadlines as short as 1 hour. Our urgent paper writing service does not compromise on quality due to the short deadline. On the contrary, our essay writers have a lot of experience which comes in handy in such situations.

24/7 support

We provide affordable writing services for students around the world. That’s why we work without a break to help you at any time, wherever you are located. Contact us for cheap writing assistance. Our impeccable customer support team will answer all your questions and help you out with any issues.

Proceed to order page
Place your order
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.

Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

Read more

Free-revision policy

Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.

Read more

Privacy policy

Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.

Read more
error: Content is protected !!
Open chat
Need assignment help? You can contact our live agent via WhatsApp using +1 718 717 2861

Feel free to ask questions, clarifications, or discounts available when placing an order.

Order your essay today and save 30% with the discount code HACK