Benefits of implementing a sex education curriculum in the universities of Saudi Arabia?


The literature review covered academic sources that are pertinent to the study. Most of the sources were qualitative studies, some were quantitative studies, and others mixed qualitative and quantitative methods. The review addressed several themes, including the definition of sex education in the Muslim context, the benefits, and downsides of sex education in Islamic education, mandatory sex education in Islamic education, strategies for implementing sex education in Islamic education, and stakeholder participation in sex education in Islamic education. The review of the literature gave rise to two research gaps. First, there are limited studies on sex education in the Islamic education of Saudi Arabia. One reason is the lack of a sex education curriculum integrated into Islamic education in the country. Another reason is the prevailing taboo on open discussions of sexuality in the classroom setting. Given the benefits of sex education, it is imperative to explore the importance and manner of introducing sex education into Islamic education in Saudi Arabia. Second, there are also limited studies on sex education in higher education in the Islamic context, including in Saudi Arabia. Given reservations about sex education for children and adolescents, an avenue that could have sex education more acceptable is to integrate sex education into higher education. It is important to explore the place of sex education in higher education in Saudi Arabia, the scope of sex education in higher education, the role of stakeholders, and the implications of sex education in higher education on sex education for children and adolescents.

Keywords: sex education, Islamic education, higher education, Saudi Arabia





CHAPTER 2: Literature Review

A review of the literature relevant to the on sex education in the context of Islam and Muslim countries, especially Saudi Arabia. Several themes emerged from the review.

Definition of Sex Education in the Islamic Context

Sex education in the context of Islam can be narrow or broad. A narrow definition treats sex education as the promotion of abstinence from sex until marriage (Razali et al., 2017, p. 15). A narrow notion of sex education shows poor results because it neglects the reality of premarital sex and the protective impact of information on safe sex, abortion, and gender empowerment (Razali et al., 2017; Carter, 2012). A broad notion is comprehensive sex education, which involves the delivery of age-appropriate, scientifically accurate, realistic, non-judgmental information on sexuality and relationships, including sex, instinct, lust, and marriage, in a manner that aligns with Islamic values (Ashraah et al., 2013; Ihwani et al., 2018; Razali et al., 2017).

While the idea of sex education may be interpreted in various ways in various regions worldwide, Islam-dominated countries such as Saudi Arabia may have a different approach to the concept. It is to be understood that almost 98% of Saudi Arabian citizens are Muslims and thus are deep-rooted in their Muslim culture, especially when issues of sex and gender are in focus. According to Sham et al. (2020), sex education can be interpreted as the advocating of abstinence among teenagers, who occupy a huge percentage of students in higher education levels. Sham et al. (2020) explained that sex education is a way of enlightening students on the importance of avoiding sexual relationships until they are mature and old enough to engage in marriage.

Binti Abdullah et al. (2020) supported Shams et al. (2020) definition of sexual education and explained that while many students may lack the necessary knowledge concerning the effects of premarital sex, they end up assuming the roles of parents, thus limiting their ability to concentrate on their academic life. Binti Abdullah et al. (2020) explained that the damages that come with premarital sex are so severe that they limit students ability to achieve their life goals. Binti Abdullah et al. (2020) gave an example of young girls who end up getting pregnant and are forced to drop out of school, thus unable to achieve the necessary academic qualifications needed to achieve their life goals. Binti Abdullah et al. (2020) supported the definition of sex education to be an approach taken to educate the youth on ways they can abstain from sexual relationships. It is all about making students understand the adverse effects of engaging in sexual relationships at an early age and thus enhancing their need to keep their bodies safe.

Ismail et al. (2022) provided a deep perception of the concept of sex education. According to Ismail et al., sex education is about providing scientifically accurate details that are non-judgmental on the matters of sexuality. Ismail et al. (2022) argued that students do not only have to learn about the adverse effects of sexual relationships but also about the process, how to take care of their reproductive organs and why and when they can engage in sexual relationships. While Sham et al. (2020) based their definition on the moral side of the issue, Ihwani et al. (2018) supported the study by explaining that it is all about being open and not hiding the students important information concerning human sexuality. Students do not only have to perceive sex as something that will cause them harm but rather understand all the necessary facts about sexuality. Therefore, students can have adequate knowledge concerning human reproduction rather than only focusing on morality interpretation.

Benefits and Downsides of Sex Education in Islamic Education

The literature shows the significant benefits of sex education. Sex education provides students with better knowledge of sexuality and reproductive health to help them make informed decisions (Razali et al., 2017). Interviews with that most as a means of enhancing their knowledge about sexuality, normalizing sexual and reproductive issues, and to sexuality issues (Rahmani et al., 2018). Children and adolescents require proper information because they are vulnerable to negative behaviors without proper guidance at the right age (Alquaiz et al., 2013). However, quality information on sexuality does not exist in the Islamic education of Saudi Arabia. A survey of and secondary students showed that 54 percent had limited knowledge about sexual health (Alquaiz et al., 2013). A survey among Saudi female adolescent students showed that they obtain information on sexuality from peers (42%), domestic helpers (17.3%), and parents (15.8%), and teachers showed negative attitudes towards questions about sexual topics (Alquaiz et al., 2012). Sex education can address the knowledge gap on the sexuality of young people in Saudi Arabia.

Sham et al. (2020) continued to explore the benefits of promoting sex education in higher schools in Saud Arabia. In their study conducted in 2020, most women participants perceived sex education as an approach necessary to equip them with sufficient knowledge of sexuality rather than as a program meant to make them avoid sexual relationships (Alomari et al., 2020). Women are therefore able to have adequate knowledge on how to take care of their sexuality which limits the occurrence of some chronic infections related to affecting the reproductive organs (Rahmani et al., 2018). We cannot shy away from the fact that there are diseases that specifically affect the reproductive organs, and some of them are not necessarily caused by engaging in sexual intercourse (Rahmani et al., 2018). In another study, Razali et al. (2017) identified that women with no prior knowledge of their sexuality had difficulties managing their menstruation periods, negatively impacting their ability to concentrate on their academics. Some women could not understand how they are supposed to conduct themselves while going through such an inevitable biological process. This becomes a huge shame to the education system and society at large. Sex education is, therefore, necessary to ensure youths have adequate knowledge to take care of their reproductive organs and understand how to manage the biological changes that occur during their teenage period (Alomari et al., 2020).

Sex education in the context of Islam can provide practical guidance on sexuality to young Muslims. Sex education could reconcile the conventional expectations of abstinence before marriage with the reality of young people confronting sexuality even before marriage (Nagi, 2017). In Islamic teachings, sex occurs only within the context of marriage, so premarital sex is a sin and the cause of sexually transmitted diseases (Alomair et al., 2020). A participatory action study showed that while young female Muslim students consider sexual abstinence as a way to protect themselves from premarital sex, this is difficult to achieve (Piriyasart et al., 2018). Apart from abstinence, there is no other information on prevention and harm reduction measures (Alomair et al., 2020). Sex education can integrate religious values with practical skills in abstinence and reproductive health. Although abstinence remains the thrust of sex education, acknowledgment of the reality of premarital sex among unmarried young people necessitates the provision of guidance on safe sex, abortion, sexually transmitted diseases, and gender empowerment (Razali et al., 2017).

Sex education prevents risky and prohibited sexual behaviors in the Muslim culture. In conservative societies, sex education would address risky sexual behavior, sexual violence, and sexual health issues (Alsubaie, 2019). Sex education in the school setting could help students to differentiate between permissible and forbidden actions within Islamic ethics and practice (Ihwani et al., 2018). A mixed study showed that sex education significantly increased the awareness of high school students about the causes and effects of early engagement in sexual activity and sexually transmitted diseases (Alfeche & Corales, 2018). Semi-structured interviews with Islamic education teachers showed that comprehensive sex education could protect young Muslims from engaging in sexual misconduct (Ihwani et al., 2016).

Managing to control sexual desires is a huge landmark for adolescents to realize their life goals. According to Daun & Arjmand (2018), sex education will equip the youths with the necessary strategies to manage their sexual desires, which tend to be at their peak during adolescence. Youths will be able to learn about the negative impacts related to sexual relationships and thus are likely to make sound decisions that would ensure their healthy being. Piriyasart et al. (2018) explained that there would be increased sexual abstinence among Muslim teenage girls if sex education were introduced. The number of sexual cases will significantly reduce, implying that many students are likely to complete their higher education without many challenges as in the past (Rahmani et al., 2018). Sham et al. (2020) explained that through sexual education, most teenagers would acquire the necessary religious values that are important not only to their sexual life but to other aspects of their lives as well. Students will likely grow into responsible adults with sufficient self-control and decision-making skills.

Sex education will reduce the number of sexually transmitted diseases in the country. A study by Raheel et al. (2013) indicated that youths form over 55% of the number of sexually transmitted cases in the country. Many youths are currently engaging in irresponsible sexual behavior due to the lack of adequate guidance, which has led to the increased number of STIs in the country. Sex education will be a key approach in limiting the spread of such deadly infections. Most youths do not understand the safe methods or the necessary precautions to undertake while engaging in sexual relationships, and thus, they are highly vulnerable to contracting sexually related infections

Call us 24/7:
Calculate your essay price
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

23 k happy customers
9.7 out of 10 satisfaction rate
833 writers active

Real Reviews from our Customers

Academic Writing Service of a Professional Level

Any academic writer who wishes to join our team of professional writers must possess all the following qualities:


To write an exemplary academic paper, you must have good critical thinking skills, possess the proper knowledge of the discipline, and be knowledgeable about applying an academic writing style.

As such we have a rigorous recruitment process. We only collaborate with professional academic writers. We believe in offering the highest quality academic writing services. Our writers pass various grammar and academic writing tests. They have to provide documents about their personal information and credentials to prove their level of expertise.

As a result, our clients receive papers that are thoroughly-researched, properly cited, and written within academic standards. We are proud that any academic writer from our writer's team can complete the paper at a high standard.

We work with the student’s budget because we know that students are usually on a budget majority of the time. We do not compromise on quality because of low prices. On the contrary, we love to foster a good relationship with our clients. That is why we charge our clients reasonable prices, and we are willing to negotiate and work with their budget.

It may be quite disturbing to decide whether to hire an academic writing company. We care about our client’s privacy and confidentiality. We never disclose your information to third parties. We never publish your paper online. You can use our academic writing service without any fear or anxiety.

Many students struggle with writing academic papers. Some barely have time to do their assignments because of their job and family responsibilities. Others have difficulty applying critical thinking skills or meeting time or assignment requirements. Whatever the reason is, you can always have time to do the things you love and other important things. All you need is a reliable and quality academic writing service. Unfortunately, even if you strongly desire to write the paper yourself, you sometimes face unexpected challenges. As we all know, life is unpredictable! Your teacher may be unconcerned about helping students and may not answer your questions. The good news is that there is a way out! You can hire an online academic writer to help you with your assignments. All you need to do is stipulate your paper requirements in the order form, and you can spend your time as you like.

Our Mission

Our company commits towards delivering high-quality custom papers to our clients. We seek to offer reliable essay writing services to our customers in various subject areas. Our customers are very valuable to us. As such, we commit to ensuring that they derive the utmost satisfaction from the essays we deliver. We have a mission to promote our clients' educational and professional lives by providing high-quality essays for their use. We also have a mission to offer a convenient essay writing system where our customers can easily order and pay for the services. We value quality and professionalism in our company.

Get professional help from our brilliant, skilled, and experienced essay writers

We write papers on any subject area, and we also write various types of papers for various purposes. We have a team of able writers who are eager to help our customers with writing services of exceptional quality. We offer custom writing services for customers across the globe and charge affordable prices for our services. We are the best essay writing company offering personalized services to all our customers. We ensure our customers receive maximum satisfaction from the essays we deliver. Our website is the place to be if you are seeking high-quality essays.

By using our academic writing service, we match your paper subject with a writer with a degree in the subject. The writer is able to apply their skills, knowledge, and expertise to the paper. You receive an original, unique, well-research paper, properly cited and formatted. As such, you are assured of a high-quality paper.

Academic Writing Help From Professionals

Truth be told, writing assignments can be stressful and difficult for any student. There is no shame in getting academic writing help. When you search the term “get academic writing help” there are numerous sites that pop up on the results and our website is among them. So, why is it a great idea to choose us?

During your course, your instructor will assign various types of homework. Our academic writers can prepare essays, presentations, speeches, case studies, research papers, dissertations, thesis papers, and more. Our writer’s department is capable of tackling any assignment of any complexity easily. All you need is to give us detailed instructions to help our experts understand the task.After doing so, you can rest assured that everything is in control, and we will deliver a paper of unmatchable quality.

Expert Assignment Help for College/University Students

Are you a college or university student pursuing your Bachelor’s , Masters, PhD, or Doctorate degree? Sometimes juggling schoolwork with work, family and hobbies can seem like a daunting task. You have to sacrifice one or the other. The sole purpose of our website is to alleviate your academic burdens. We ensure that you do not fail in your classes and you get good grades consistently. We understand that there is a need for academic help.

We acknowledge that our clients are not dumb or lazy but only need academic life need help in order to live a balanced life and make ends meet. We make it our core priority to ensure that all assignments are done and submitted before the stipulated deadlines. All our writers are graduates. They are competent in handling the clients’ assignments. We step in to help you with any and all of your assignments. Our assignment help service ensures that you never miss a grade or deadline.

Proceed to order page

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.

Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.

Affordable prices


$10 page


$13 page


$14 page

Our prices depend on the urgency of your assignment, your academic level, the course subject, and the length of the assignment. Basically, more complex assignments will cost more than simpler ones. The level of expertise is also a major determinant of the price of your assignment.

Calculate price

Cheap essay writing service

If you need professional help with completing any kind of homework, is the right place to get it. Whether you are looking for essay, coursework, research, or term paper help, or with any other assignments, it is no problem for us. At our cheap essay writing service, you can be sure to get credible academic aid for a reasonable price, as the name of our website suggests. For years, we have been providing online custom writing assistance to students from countries all over the world, including the US, the UK, Australia, Canada, Italy, New Zealand, China, and Japan.

Our cheap essay writing service has already gained a positive reputation in this business field. Understandably so, since all custom papers produced by our academic writers are individually crafted from scratch and written according to all your instructions and requirements. We offer APA, MLA, or a Chicago style paper in almost 70 disciplines. Here, you can get quality custom essays, as well as a dissertation, a research paper, or term papers for sale. Any paper will be written on time for a cheap price.

Using our cheap essay writing help is beneficial not only because of its easy access and low cost, but because of how helpful it can be to your studies. Buy custom written papers online from our academic company and we won't disappoint you with our high quality of university, college, and high school papers. Although our writing service is one of the cheapest you can find, we have been in the business long enough to learn how to maintain a balance between quality, wages, and profit. Whenever you need help with your assignment, we will be happy to assist you.

Proceed to order page

Cheap paper writing service provides high-quality essays for affordable prices

It might seem impossible to you that all custom-written essays, research papers, speeches, book reviews, and other custom task completed by our writers are both of high quality and cheap. It is surprising, but we do have some tricks to lower prices without hindering quality.

To start using our services, it’s enough to place a request like “I need a writer to do my assignment” or “Please, write an essay for me.” We have a convenient order form, which you can complete within minutes and pay for the order via a secure payment system. The support team will view it after the order form and payment is complete and then they will find an academic writer who matches your order description perfectly. Once you submit your instructions, while your order is in progress and even after its completion, our support team will monitor it to provide you with timely assistance.

Affordable essay writing service: get custom papers created by academic experts

Hiring good writers is one of the key points in providing high-quality services. That’s why we have entry tests for all applicants who want to work for us. We try to make sure all writers working for us are professionals, so when you purchase custom-written papers, they are of high quality and non-plagiarized.

Our cheap essay writing service employs only writers who have outstanding writing skills. The quality of all custom papers written by our team is important to us; that is why we are so attentive to the application process and employ only those writers who can produce great essays and other kinds of written assignments. All our writers are graduates. They are competent in handling the clients’ assignments. We step in to help you with any and all of your assignments. Our assignment help service ensures that you never miss a grade or deadline.

Plagiarism-free affordable papers

All our cheap essays are customized to meet your requirements and written from scratch. Our writers have a lot of experience with academic papers and know how to write them without plagiarism. Moreover, at our academic service, we have our own plagiarism-detection software which is designed to find similarities between completed papers and online sources. You can be sure that our custom-written papers are original and properly cited.

Our essay writing service has a 0% plagiarism tolerance. We are well aware of the dangers of plagiarism. Plagiarism is academic suicide. Our essay writing service ensures that all papers are original. We do not sell pre-written papers. All papers are written from scratch as per the instructions. We pass our papers through powerful anti-plagiarism software such as SafeAssign and TurnItIn.

Money-back guarantee

Our cheap essay writing service tries to always be at its best performance level, so each customer who pays money for paper writing can be sure that he or she will get what is wanted. On the off chance that you don’t like your order, you can request a refund and we will return the money according to our money-back guarantee.

There can be a number of reasons why you might not like your order. If we honestly don’t meet your expectations, we will issue a refund. You can also request a free revision, if there are only slight inconsistencies in your order. Your writer will make the necessary amendments free of charge. You can find out more information by visiting our revision policy and money-back guarantee pages, or by contacting our support team via online chat or phone.

On-time Delivery

We know how important any deadline is to you; that’s why everyone in our company has their tasks and perform them promptly to provide you with the required assistance on time. We even have an urgent delivery option for short essays, term papers, or research papers needed within 8 to 24 hours.

We appreciate that you have chosen our cheap essay service, and will provide you with high-quality and low-cost custom essays, research papers, term papers, speeches, book reports, and other academic assignments for sale. We beat all deadlines. We can also handle urgent orders with deadlines as short as 1 hour. Our urgent paper writing service does not compromise on quality due to the short deadline. On the contrary, our essay writers have a lot of experience which comes in handy in such situations.

24/7 support

We provide affordable writing services for students around the world. That’s why we work without a break to help you at any time, wherever you are located. Contact us for cheap writing assistance. Our impeccable customer support team will answer all your questions and help you out with any issues.

Proceed to order page
Place your order
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.

Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

Read more

Free-revision policy

Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.

Read more

Privacy policy

Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.

Read more
error: Content is protected !!
Open chat
Need assignment help? You can contact our live agent via WhatsApp using +1 718 717 2861

Feel free to ask questions, clarifications, or discounts available when placing an order.

Order your essay today and save 30% with the discount code HACK